Cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin (BTC), Altcoin, Litecoin and Ethereum are very popular, and are being used for payments, trading, investment etc. across the world. For newbie crypto investors, many of the crypto terms can be difficult to understand. Here is a guide to the crypto jargon for new entrants into the world of cryptocurrencies.


It is a definitive account book of Bitcoin. Each crypto transaction is broadcast publicly to the network and is shared from one node to another. After every 10 minutes or so, miners assemble these nodes into a group – which is referred to as a block. These blocks are permanently added to the blockchain, a kind of shared database which store data in blocks. Cryptocurrencies including Bitcoin is based on blockchain technology and all transactions are stored in a public ledger.

Digital Currency Exchanges

Via digital currency exchanges, most of the crypto transactions are carried out today. Generally, through a web application or an online browser, such types of platforms can be accessed. With the help of some other cryptocurrency or a flat currency, users need to purchase and sale BTC.

FDIC insurance is offered by some of the digital exchanges, but it can be availed with a deposit of 250,000 USD.

There are some online platforms available like, Crypto Revolt, from where you can buy Bitcoin. Apart from that, cryptocurrencies like Ripple, Cardano and Ethereum can be availed on various crypto exchanges. Naturally, there is a need for due diligence on the part of crypto investors, to ensure that no unnecessary risk is being added into the process of transaction by opting for an exchange which is unsafe.

bitcoin Men's wallet with bitcoin, top view of black purse and gold bit coin (btc). Open leather pocket and one bitcoin. Concept of virtual money, crypto currency, digital wallet and online bitcoin payment.

Crypto wallet

Once you buy cryptocurrencies, you need to store your coins or virtual currency in a wallet. Every year, a large number of digital currencies are stolen by hackers anonymously. These are stored in digital assets which are impossible to recover or even get traced. Top precautionary measures are needed, to ensure protection for your cryptocurrency holdings. Digital wallets are one of the important precautions that you can take to protect your Bitcoin and other digital holdings.

These types of wallets are mainly of two types, such as hardware-based and software-based wallet. Hardware devices are probably the best kind of wallet, where you can store or save your private key in an external devise. These serve as a physical store for coins or tokens. Every hardware wallet is associated with a private key, or a small piece of code that acts like a password. It lets you decrypt the wallet and get access to the tokens or coins stored within.

Hardware wallets are secure from intrusion by digital thieves. But a risk exists. You can never get back your wallet if you lose your private key.

There are also online wallets and desktop wallets available where you can store your Bitcoin. You can use your online wallet to buy goods and services.

Bitcoin Exchange Insurance

Japanese local exchanges can purchase dedicated Bitcoin exchange insurance, which can offer coverage against losses due to embezzlement, cyber theft and operational issues by workers. If you wish to make your Bitcoin exchange even more secure, you can buy an insurance policy which covers cyber-attack as well as losses arising due to technical flaws or malfunctioning.

This type of insurance has originated due to rising risks of cyber-crime and other issues related to Bitcoin and other crypto exchanges. It is an additional layer of security that can offer solid coverage against such unpredictable circumstances.

Cold storage

In order to safeguard the funds of users, an additional layer of security can be offered by cold storage. Cold storage means offline Bitcoin storage. As this kind of currency is not stored online, hackers cannot find it.


This is an innovative solution to make Bitcoin transactions secure particularly during withdrawal of funds. Time-locks need to keys and specific frame of time for a Bitcoin transaction completion.

For instance there is need for one key to begin a transaction and the other for the transaction completion. In case the transaction is not confirmed by the second key, there is reversal of the transaction which can make it impossible to withdraw funds for hackers.

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