Margin trading is a term used in the stock market to describe when an individual trader buys more stocks than they can afford. In India, margin trading is also known as intraday trading, and several stockbrokers offer it. Buying and selling securities on margin is done in a single session. Various brokerages have loosened their approach to time length over time. The procedure necessitates an investor speculating on or guessing the direction of a stock’s movement in a given session. Margin trading is a simple approach to making quick money. The traditionally maring in day trading.

Thanks to computerized stock exchanges, the specialized industry is now available to even small dealers.

The procedure is straightforward. A margin account allows you to acquire more quantities of a stock than you can afford at any given time. The broker would lend the money and maintain the shares as collateral. To trade with a margin account, you must first submit a margin account request to your broker. This necessitates paying a set amount of money in cash to the broker upfront, known as the minimum margin. Should the trader lose the bet and be unable to collect the money, this would assist the broker in recovering some money by squaring off.

When you start an account, you must pay an initial margin (IM), which is a percentage of the total traded value pre-determined by the broker. You must remember three crucial procedures before you begin trading. First, you must maintain the minimum margin (MM) throughout the session, as the stock price may fall further than predicted on a very volatile day.

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Day traders’ margin needs

Day traders must be aware of additional margin rules that apply to them if they plan to trade in a margin account actively. A day trade occurs when you utilize your margin account to buy and sell the same security on the same business day. If you execute a short sale and cover your position on the same day, the same thing applies. On the other hand, a day trade is when you acquire security and sell it the next business day or later (or sell short and buy to cover).

All of the following trades would be considered day trading:

  • At 10 a.m., you buy 100 shares of ABC stock, and at 1 p.m., you sell 100 shares of ABC stock.
  • A buy of 250 ABC shares at 10 a.m., followed by another purchase of 250 ABC shares at 11 a.m., then a sale of 500 ABC shares at 3 p.m.
  • At 9:30 a.m., a short sell of 250 shares of ABC stock was made, followed by a buy to cover the short sale at 3:59 p.m.

If you are a trader who conducts day trades regularly, you must meet the same margin requirements as non-day traders. The demand for intraday trading in India has increased over the years. To buy on margin, you must have a minimum of $2,000 in equity. You must also meet the initial Regulation T margin requirement of 50% of the total purchase price and maintain a minimum of 25% equity in your margin account. However, if you repeatedly purchase and sell in a margin account on the same day, you will be subject to additional rules that apply to “pattern day traders.”

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