Mental disorder is also called as a mental illness or psychiatric disorder. Your mental health will have an impact on your physical well-being as well. Hence, you should be able to deal with stress and emotion in the right way so that it will not affect your health. There are medications and tips which can be followed at home and there will be a great reduction in mental illness. Some mental conditions cannot be cured. However, they can be managed by undergoing the treatment offered by a qualified and experienced doctor.
There are various types of mental disorders. The mental disorders include anxiety disorders, mood disorders, psychotic disorders, eating disorders, impulse control & addiction disorders, personality disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Other disorders include stress response syndromes, dissociative disorders, sexual & gender disorders, somatic symptom disorders and factitious disorders.
Genes and family history will play an important role in leading to mental disorder. If there are chemical imbalances in the brain, it will affect your mental abilities. The excessive usage of alcohol or recreational drugs will have an impact on your health and it will affect your mental as well as physical health. People suffering from serious conditions such as cancer will suffer from mental disorders.
The following are some of the common mental disorders:
If you are suffering from depression, you will also have anxiety. On the other hand, people suffering from anxiety may have depression as well.
There are various factors which lead to anxiety. The possible factors which lead to anxiety include genetics, life events and brain composition. The symptoms of anxiety include fear, sleep issues, heart palpitations, nausea, and dizziness. Some people suffer from the stress due to the environment.
Medications like Levosulpiride will give relief from the symptoms.
Depression is very common among women and it is prevalent in men as well. The symptoms of depression include loss of focus, difficulty to sleep, change in eating patterns, and sadness.
Various factors which attribute to depression include genetics, medications and health issues. As depression will affect the efficiency, you should take the help of a medical professional to resolve the issue.
Dementia is a chronic mental disorder and it will impair the cognitive function.
The symptoms of depression include loss of memory, deterioration of emotional control. The patient will have difficulty in socialization as well. Various kinds of diseases that impact the brain will lead to dementia. There is no cure for dementia. However, the symptoms can be controlled by taking the medical help.
- Bipolar affective disorder
The bipolar affective disorder is also called manic depression. There will be great mood swings in a person suffering from bipolar affective disorder. The depression symptoms include emotional highs such as mania or hypomania and lows such as depression.
There will be a loss of interest and the person will fail to derive pleasure from various activities. It will have an impact on the quality of life. The person fails to sleep properly. The other symptoms are the difficulty of judgment, low energy levels and lack of clarity.
People suffering from schizophrenia will interpret reality in a different way. Various symptoms associated with the condition include delusions and hallucinations. There will be great disorder in the thinking. No emotions are felt by the person and the person will neglect personal hygiene as well.
Various causes that lead to schizophrenia include genetics, environment and brain chemistry.
- Eating disorder
The symptoms of eating disorder include irregular eating, distress and worry about body weight. The person may take excess food or insufficient food.
Some forms of an eating disorder include Bulimia Nervosa and binge eating disorder. The eating disorder is common in both men and women. Most of the teenagers and youth will develop an eating disorder. People suffering from depression and anxiety will also develop an eating disorder.
Common causes of eating disorder include nutritional deficiency, genetics and hormonal imbalance.
- Substance abuse
A person involved with substance will have a poor relationship with family members and friends. The disorder will have a great impact on his/health. Various kinds of depressants such as Levosulpiride can be used to overcome the disorder.
Causes of substance abuse are many. Some of the common causes are genetics, environment, anxiety and depression.
The symptoms include physical dependence on the substance, change in mood, and loss of sight or hearing capability.
Autism is a developmental disorder. There are many factors that lead to autism. Possible factors are genetics, exposure to pollutants and entry of toxins during fetal development.
Children fail to make eye contact when they are suffering from autism. There will not be a response to the smile and the patient will not deliver facial expression. The other symptoms are mood abnormalities, irrational fear and short attention span.
Genetics play an important role in spreading ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder) from one generation to another generation. The other factors which lead to ADHD include differences in brain function & structure. Premature babies will bear the risk of ADHD. Epilepsy and brain damage will also lead to ADHD.
The symptoms of ADHD include hyperactivity, impulsiveness, inattentiveness, and excessive physical movement. They will interrupt others’ conversations and they fail to concentrate on tasks.
- Post-traumatic stress disorder
The symptoms of PTSD include headache, panic attacks, heart palpitations, chills and shaking. The patient will try to avoid people, places and situations. There will be intense emotions and angry outbursts as well. The mood swings are common in people suffering from PTSD.
Mental disorders are common and they are diagnosed based on medical history, physical examination of the patient and psychological evaluation. If you or your family member is suffering from mental disorder, you should get medical attention. The doctor will provide the best treatment to overcome the condition. If there are severe and persistent symptoms, you should consult the doctor immediately.